Cockatiel, Cockatoo Parrots, Parrot Species


Latin Name: Nymphicus hollandicus

Family(class): Cacatuide(Kakadular)


Genus: Nymphicus

Height: Between 28 – 34 cm

Weight: Around 90 cm

Lifespan:15-20 years

Cockatiel Couple

Cockatiel Training

Cockatiel are a species of Australian origin and come from the cockatoo family. Where does the name Cockatiel come from, more precisely, its real name, Nymphicus Hollandicus, which is said in Latin? The Greek word “Nymphe” means “bride, young girl”. Although Nympe was the Greek “lower-class god”, she generally represented a long-lived and ever-young being, as the daughter of Zeus, who spent most of her time having fun with songs and dances.

While the nymphs accompanied the Greek gods and distributed prosperity and abundance, these equally playful musical and fertile birds are said to accompany the Nyphes. When Odysseus first saw Nmphe named Calypso, there was a beautiful bird on her head like this, in harmony with herself. Perhaps these features made these crested (comb) birds the companions of these seductive Nymphs. This is what gave it the name.

We think that the scientist “Wagler”, after whom the strains are named, was also affected by this. 2 in the name. The appendix “Hollandicus” denotes the homeland. Because one of the first to discover Australia, which was separated from other continents, in 1606 was Dutchman Willem Jansz. She called today’s Australia “New Netherlands” at that time.

However, in 1788, the sultans got their scientific name, namely “Psittacus Novaehollandiae”, thanks to “Gmellin”. In 1792, after “Kerr” gave the name “Psittacus Hollandicus” to this species, “Wagler” also made the definition of “Nymphicus Hollandicus” in 1832.

At that time they had only one colour: gray females and males with a gray head and crimson markings on their yellow cheeks.

19th Y.Y. In the middle of the European migration to Australia began, the first cockatiel began to be brought to Europe by sea. Although they were caught in the wild, they quickly adapted to the climate and began to breed. Considering that Australia has a very variable climate (there are temperature changes of up to 40 C between day and night), we can say that perhaps this has facilitated the adaptation to the more stable temperature levels in Europe in their production.

For many years, scholars differed among themselves about which group to put the sultans in. The question of whether it is Cacatuidae or Platiceridae has occupied the minds for a long time. Because the cockatiel showed the characteristics of both groups.

Nowadays, cockatiel are now considered a subclass of their own, belonging to only one genus of cockatoos. G.A. Smith (The Encyclopedia of Cockatiels) sees cockatiels as a remnant species that forms the bridge between cockatoos and parrots.

Cockatiel Care

Cockatiel are species that live in herds. These swarms are so large that they cover such a large area that they darken the sky. Being a seed-feeding species, it is typical to live in flocks in search of food. In this way, the cockatiel seek their food in the green areas of Australia.

Where food is plentiful, herds are temporary lodgings for laying eggs. Cockatiel are in a constant fight for the best spawning place. They fight in grabbing the best sleeping corner. The only thing is that fights in the open field are calmer than in cages or keels. In such places, even the mere search for a mate causes fights with very hard beak blows. Since it is impossible to form a healthy hierarchy due to the large number of large herds, such dominance does not occur.

Cockatiel also establish mild friendships among themselves. They exhibit typical behavior patterns with both their breeds. For example, head scratching, kissing, snuggling, etc. as. This behavior exchange with other males is important both in terms of taking an example and activating the germ glands necessary for mating.

Sultans are very social animals. They absolutely need the presence of their fellows to be happy.

In general, cockatiel are monogamous (monogamous) creatures.

The natural habitat of the cockateil in the vast swaths of Australia is very challenging. Their habitat consists of semi-deserts, steppes, scrub and open eucalyptus forests, which in times of rain provide them with burrows to lay their eggs.

Except for the spawning period, which coincides with the rainy season, the cockatiel live a full nomadic life. Because food is limited due to the climate they live in, they simply spend their time chasing their food.

Since they are limited in wetlands, they are usually located in such places. Since the water rate of these regions is more intense, they visit in the morning and evening. Water is more abundant due to the semi-drying puddles due to the intense heat during the day, the heat falling at night and the dew and humidity formed towards the morning. For this reason, the birds we keep in the home environment usually eat in the morning and in the evening, even if they no longer need them.

Meals are eaten in droves. Due to the colonial lifestyle, this situation strengthens the social position and provides the necessary environment for mating. In this way, the best food is taken in abundance, without changing the climate. Another benefit of being crowded is that they are more easily protected from enemies.

In a situation that can be observed most of the time by those who have crowded cockatiel in their homes, one always looks around and goes to the water and manger from the front. Others follow her. As soon as one of them starts to run away and fly, the others immediately follow her. In the sense that danger is coming, they fly until the whole herd regroups and gathers in one place.

The bird in captivity needs movement.

Feed and water containers should be placed within reach by flying (or at least climbing). Unfortunately, the feed and water containers, which are under their noses and are constantly full, do not allow the birds in captivity to move in the natural environment.

Herd behavior, mating and social bonds:

Typical behavior is often observed in times of danger. When one suddenly takes off, the others inevitably follow. When someone starts shouting and crowing, this high-pitched seeking call perceived by others pushes them to do the same behavior. As soon as the herd wakes up in the morning, they begin to call each other in high-pitched voices. “Is everyone still here” “I’m here”. They convey the news that is in the flow of the day. In the evening, the same ritual continues. Night stay calls are made. Since a bird’s take off is perceived as a sign of potential danger, others immediately follow suit and fly away, taking refuge in the crowded protection of the flock. Those who have 4 or more cockatiel in their home have the chance to observe this. But even with 2, this behavior is often obvious. Even if there is no definite form of government, it is observed that a bird always takes the lead. They always do everything together, as in cockatiel who get on well with each other. If a cockatiel is being cleaned in the flock, the others will start to be cleaned as well.

Fighting and angering each other is part of their natural and social life. They chase after each other. Where one sits, the other wants to sit. This behavior is always and continuous. For this reason, small and harmless fights break out between them. Sometimes someone’s tail is pulled if they are in the transport area. Or it attacks the feet, which is the most loved and biting place. Females also do this toe-biting behavior to attract the attention of males. This glow is actually more harmless and painful than it looks.

Itching in cockatiel

It is the most loved behavior of cockatiel. However, this should not only be perceived as a mating sign. So this is not always mate-seeking turn behavior. On the contrary, men also like to scratch each other. In this behavior, the head is usually tilted downwards. In another behavior, it scratches its head and face with its beak.

Kissing in Cockatiels

It is the mutual rubbing of beaks against each other. During this process, which resembles kissing from the human eye, the couples seem to be telling each other something with elegant touches and sounds. This is a sign of escalation, so to speak.

Mutual Feeding in cockatiel

This is a common behavior. The eaten feed comes back from the crop in the form of mash and vomits from the mate’s beak into her mouth. Only in this way, male-male, female-female and male-female feed each other. In fact, this behavior is done for the feeding of young and baby birds.

In fact, this behavior is done for the feeding of young and baby birds. Long-lasting bonds form between siblings and children whose parents are often unrelated to mating. Separating them would then be impossible. In such cases, mutual feeding is observed.

What is understood from the concept of getting angry is that; courtship of the male bird to the female. At such times, the male bird with its wings drooped and making different tones (songs) circles around the female bird in a proud manner. The male bird begins its typical courtship behavior at 4-6 months of age.

Striking hard floors with its beak like a Cockatiel Woodpecker

In addition, she jumps one step forward on the ground. If he comes across a dir female, he tries to impress her with a loud crowing right next to her ear. Females sing less frequently, in less varied tones. If a female accepts the male, she clings to the ground and flattens herself, giving the male an acceptance signal. Quietly chirping begins and the male is gassed by chirping in higher tones. The female runs towards the male, pushes him and pushes herself to the ground, angering the male. Sometimes it imitates the behavior of men. In estrus, pecking (kissing) and baiting are also done. The mating stage is also called the triple stage. For this reason, it always knows how to apply these 3 behaviors. Because male birds often do these behaviors. It doesn’t matter if the female is ready to lay eggs at that moment. In this way, they show themselves to other females. They’re trying to explain that they’re the best man in the pack.

Sleeping in Cockatiels, Taking a Nap

Cockatiel also sleep or nap for short periods during the day. While sleeping, they tuck their head back between their wings and pull one foot fully up, out of sight. They fluff their feathers more when they are asleep. Some birds, with their eyes half-open or closed, droop their wings slightly. Most of the time, they make soft sounds or stop by rubbing their beaks (upper and lower beaks) together. Sometimes sleeping cockatiel can rest their heads on a branch or a wall.

Rubbing Beaks on Each Other in Cockatiels

The upper and lower beak are rubbed together. There is a slight squeak. By the way, the reason for this comfort is the expression that you are in good mood and at rest.

Cleaning and Feather Care in cockatiel

Cockatiel spend most of their time grooming. Because escape successes depend on healthy feather care. It rubs the oily substance taken from a gland in the coccyx called the coccyx gland, on its beak, and distributes this substance to all its feathers. Thus, these feathers provide excellent protection against sun and rain.

Gnawing in cockatiel

Cockatiel are complete rodents. They take great pleasure in gnawing anything they find with their beaks, which are very suitable for this. Because of this motive of theirs, nothing is protected. Walls, Wallpapers, books, curtains, frames etc. Things tolerate this situation. Dispose of potentially poisonous items and important documents that may harm them.

Fresh twigs, crackers, bark, cork, etc. It is very important to give these treats to the cockatiel who are in captivity, as they will give them the opportunity to experience these motives. At the same time, they get the nutrients necessary for a healthy life.

Game in cockatiel

cockatiel are very playful. With bells, ball, swing, etc. They love to play with toys. Since the pleasure they get from natural toys is much greater, toys made from branches, ropes and processed wood are very suitable and happy for them.

cockatiels and budgerigars

These two species can actually be kept together by feeding. But it is also a fact that budgies are more active and affectionate birds compared to cockatiel. This causes them to disturb the environment. The hardest part arises if it is produced in the same environment. Because budgies will be aggressive during their spawning and cockatiel spawning and sultans spawning phases.

A cockatiel and a conversation should never be fed together in isolation!

General Views of cockatiel

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