- 1 Budgerigars (Melopsittacus Undulatus)
- 2 Budgerigars Mating – Reproduction and Development
- 3 Sample Image of Show Jumbo Budgerigar
Budgerigars (Melopsittacus Undulatus)
Latin Name: Melpsittacus Undulatus
Family: Psittaciformes (Parrots)
Subfamily: Psittacinae (Parrotaceae)
Lifespan: 8 and 10 years (There is also information about the recorded 30 years.)
They are their homeland of Australia, they live in all parts of Australia except the south coast. They live in groups in forests and flat plains. They live in floating groups. They have managed to spread all over the world and continue to live. They also live in the natural world in regions such as South America, Japan, America, Puerto Rico, Switzerland, New Zealand and Florida.
Colors and Sizes
Budgerigars in the wild are rougher and larger in size than domestic budgies. The color tones of budgerigars in natural life are generally green, yellow, and the chest part is blue. Budgerigars fed at home, on the other hand, are the budgies obtained in hundreds of different colors as a result of mutual exchange. They can be colors such as green, yellow, white, blue, gray, black. Domestic budgerigars are slightly larger than canaries, with an average size of 18-20 cm. Most of them have black spots like a necklace on the neck, violet (violet) or mauve (mauve) color spots on their cheeks. The top of the head of adult birds is solid color, the neck and wings are opaque stripes.
Some Types of Budgies
- Small patagonian budgerigar (Generally known as “Singapore”, it is a wild-caught species that is quite similar to the budgerigar, with the only difference being smaller than the budgies we know.)
- Jenda Budgerigar(The species we know as “jumbo” or “English – Dutch”. It has close to 30 subspecies.)
- The mask on their Light Green face is small and has a forehead stripe. The adult has a yellow forehead on the head. The young ones have a striped forehead. The breast is matte green.
- Dark Green
- Olive Green
- Sky Blue
- Opaline(Opaline budgies only have stripes on their wings. There are no lines on their heads or backs. Although pale colored stripes are visible on the back of the head, these lines are not as pronounced as on the wings. The majority of Opal budgies are female.)
- Lrecessive Pied
- Dark Eyed Clear Black-eyed monochromatic budgies have only one color throughout their body, as do albino and lutino budgies. But instead of red eyes, they have dark eyes like other budgies.
- Yellow Face Usually blue colored budgies have white faces and green colored budgies have yellow faces. However, it is sometimes possible to see yellow-faced blue or gray budgies, which are described as yellow-faced blues or grays.
- Albino budgies are red-eyed and white in color. In this mutation, male budgies have a pink color instead of blue. In bright light, albinos sometimes appear to have light blue or green dyed wing feathers.
- Black spots on the throat are absent in this species due to the absence of melanin, which is responsible for the formation of the Lutino Black feather. Vücut tüyleri hiç yeşil tüy barındırmayan canlı sarıdan oluşur. The eyes of the young are ringless and red.
- Lace Wing Striped-winged parakeets look like albinos or lutinos. Differently, these budgies have brown stripes and brown tail feathers.
- Gray Wing budgies, as the name suggests, have gray stripes on their wings instead of black. In addition, their body colors are 50% lighter than normal.
- Yellow Wing
- White Wing
- Crest Flat, smooth white hairy crest is the most distinctive feature of this species. It has a cobalt color feather structure. Feathers are opal-patterned. These birds are difficult to breed because there is a lethal factor in their genetic structure. Therefore, it has not become widespread.
View from the Capped Budgerigars
Budgies Adult – Juvenile Differences
Head feathers in adult birds are usually solid color. In young birds, there are lines on the head as well as on the wings.
In adults, the eyes (except albino, dark-eyed, lutino species) are white and black-ringed. In puppies, the eyes are completely black.
Male – Female Difference in Budgies
In adult males, the fleshy part on the beak, called cere, is in blue-dark blue tones, while in females it is pink-brown. Males are slightly brighter in color and appear slightly larger.
An interesting and distinctive information about Budgerigars: The cloaca (anus) is known as the only bird species that can scratch the digestive system outlet part with its foot.
Budgerigar Care and Cage Life
Budgerigars have been at the forefront of birds that people have put in the category of pets since the 1870s. They are known as chatty, cheerful and friendly birds. They are imitative and docile. They can easily adapt to their location and reproduce quickly.
As they are birds that live in groups in their social lives and in nature, they like a mate of your own kind. Therefore, it is recommended to be fed as a partner. However, if he is to be fed alone, he should receive attention at the same time every day (for example, giving a food he likes, a grain of corn, being taken out of the cage at certain times or talking at the same time). Since it is a rodent species, tree branches, beak stone have a wide range of movement; They like to have colorful objects, clothes, or items, plus plenty of room to move. They are very curious. Colored objects are particularly interesting. It would be appropriate to have plenty of colorful toys in the cage so that she does not get bored and replace them when you notice that she is no longer interested in toys as she used to. Since they come from the parrot family, they also have the feature of imitating sounds (like a doorbell). It has been determined that male budgies are more talented in this regard. When fed as mates, their imitation abilities are either absent or limited to very few words.
The issue of mirrors in a cage is highly controversial. When a bird that is fed alone sees its own reflection in the caged mirror, it perceives it as a mate and begins to woo her. Since it is in their nature to offer the opposite sex the foodin their own crop by vomiting, when they start doing this to the mirror and make it a habit, it is possible that they become weak, not fed enough and become depressed because they cannot get a response from the mirror. Therefore, mirrors in the cage are not recommended.
Budgerigar Feeders or Those Who Want to Be Feeding Things Should Be Considered Most – Feeding Patterns and Care
In nature, they are fed with flowers, plant seeds, green leafy vegetables and fruits. Like most parrot breeds kept at home, budgerigars are fed with ready-made foodconsisting of seeds. Even though the budgerigars that feedon seeds seem healthy and overweight, they cannot actually benefit from the vitamins in this shell because they break the shell of the seed they eat. They suffer from vitamin deficiency. They get their vitamins from the best dark leafy green vegetables such as broccoli, dandelion leaves, mustard leaves. They can also be fed carrots, boiled sweet potatoes, fruit and vegetable juices. Budgies can be offered small amounts of healthy home meals, such as cooked meat, fish, chicken, cheese and yogurt, cooked eggs, corn, beans, peas, rice, low-sugar, low-sodium cereals, and so on. While all fruits are acceptable, they should be offered in small quantities to avoid diarrhea due to their high water content. A budgerigar (any bird or parrot) should never be given avocado or chocolate. Because it is toxic to birds. Even a very small amount can cause death. Foods with high fat and salt content such as french fries, crackers and pickled meats should not be used as birds are very sensitive to sodium.
Fragrant sprays and cigarette smoke can seriously damage the airways of budgies.
Therefore, it should not be used in environments where budgies are present. Budgerigars are birds that have the capacity to adapt to a wide range of humidity in nature. They benefit from increases in humidity in the home. Occasionally spraying water on them so that it does not come to their nose and ears, or placing a bath in their cage once or twice a week will both refresh the bird and make its feathers more beautiful. The point to be considered here is to prevent the bird from sleeping when it is wet and from being in the air stream when it is wet (of course also when it is dry).
Budgerigars Mating – Reproduction and Development
The male is always eager to mate, while the female is on the run. Males can court for days. It flies without stopping, It chooses its tooth to land. She hops on. Shaking his head, he approaches the female. She hits her shoulder with her beak. At this time, her pupils turn into small black dots from excitement. The female shows her readiness to mate days later. It sits on the branch. She stretches her head back. It raises its tail in the air and remains motionless. When the male receives the message, he climbs onto the female’s back. When mating is over, the female flies away.
After mating, when a nest of appropriate sizes and hemp fibers are placed in the cage, they will begin to prepare the nest themselves. There is a female in the nest, the male only observes the female but does not enter. The nest temperature should be about 37 degrees. The female can lay 4-6 eggs at a time. After the first egg, it incubates in the nest and does not come out except for the need for a toilet. The male begins to feed the female. Because the male cannot enter the nest and is jealous of his mate, he may break the eggs or even kill the hatched chick. It is necessary to pay attention to this issue.
18 days after the egg is fertilized, the first egg hatches, followed by the others in order of spawning. When the fry hatch, they weigh 1.5 – 2.5 grams.
1st to 5th Day
Her eyes are closed for the first five days. In the supine position, they wait for their mother to feedand cannot lift their heads.
3rd to 6th Day
Weight nearly quadrupled. Between the 6th and 8th days, the pup’s weight reaches 9 grams and the fry can lift their heads.
7th to 9th Days
Wing feathers begin to appear. On the 8th day, she starts to hold her head upright. It may take a few jumps.
9th to 12th Days
With a weight of up to 16 grams, the tail feathers begin to grow and their eyes open. It feeds by sitting on its tail.
Between 13th and 17th Days
All the fine hairs have come out. Its weight reaches 23 grams.
Between 18th and 21st Days
All feathers are finished. It still won’t come out of the nest. Feather colors become evident.
Between 21st and 24th Days
The weight reaches 40 grams, and all the feathers have literally come out.
Between 25th and 31st Days
puppies can climb on the cage wires. They flap their wings. They can come out of the nest. Their colors are more dull than those of adults.
They reach full maturity in 3 to 5 months. It is ready to mate when it is 6-8 months old. (The chicks open their eyes when they are 8-10 days old and fly away 5 weeks after the nest. The chicks should be taken to another cage 14 days after they leave the nest. The female bird should be placed in the cages first and the male bird should be included a few days later.)
When they are properly cared for and given the necessary care and love, they are extremely harmonious birds and their friendship gives people pleasure. Because he can’t see his own kind around him, he will start to see his owner as his wife and when he is not interested in other people. Like budgerigarspecies, they will also get stressed.